In summary, it was one of the pioneers in the world-wide and founding psychology of the tradition psychometric-differential. James, William American School He was father of American psychology, developing the philosophy of pragmatism. Part of the thesis pragmatist of which the perception and the thought exist only with a view to the conduct. It applies the principle of the functionalism to psychology, changing it of his traditional place like branch of the philosophy and locating it enters sciences based on the experimental method. When defining brings back to consciousness like Current of thought, brings back to consciousness that he is not capturable, is opposed to the theory of Wundt, that it considers like an association of units or elements. LEGO Papert Professor is full of insight into the issues. It brings back to consciousness is personal, changing, continuous (although with bumps as it can be the dream) and selective.
The exposition of brings back to consciousness personal takes to develop the theory to him of I. Pavlov, Ivan Petrovich Russian School Russian physiologist who never got to accept psychology like natural science, but that influenced enormously in the psychology of century XX. He was the founder of Russian experimental psychology. Pavlov did not distinguish between the nervous relation weather of the physiologists and the associations of the psychologists, fact that allowed to unite both sciences by means of a substrate of similar neuronal operation. It worked on the agreement and it thought that all the conduct can explain by the stimulus and the answer. The method used by Pavlov (the text shows a brief fragment) is the one of the reflections conditional. These works of the reflections conditional gave rules to generate the model present that explains these conducts in the levels cellular and molecular. DIFFERENCES AND COINCIDENCES BETWEEN the SCHOOLS the French school maintains a position moved away of the experimentalista direction of the German school, as well as of the associationism and atomism of the British school.