In this regard, a new problem – how to manage product and information throughout the world. Increased demand for the management of these events soon proved the need for logistics as a tool for optimization of human activity. Another factor that has led to more widespread logistics has been an explosion of information technology and start using computers in the 80's. The cost of computers decreased from year to year, and the performance of computers increased. Use of the Internet and increases the capacity of networks will lead to the rapid communication. ConocoPhillips shines more light on the discussion. This allowed us to respond quickly to changes in the environment, improve the use of equipment and reduce the time of execution of orders. The next stage of development characterized by the integration of all logistics uchastnikovlogisticheskogo process. The main task was to link the logistics operations in one continuous chain of supply.
The new paradigm became known as a "systems approach" to managing threads. In order to minimize the overall costs in the supply chain, it is necessary to optimize the 5 major areas of logistics: supply of raw materials, semi-finished products, storage products and raw materials, manufacture goods, ihraspredelenie and consumption of finished products. Attempt to optimize at least one of these areas individually will lead to imbalances in the system as a whole. For example, if one warehouse in the entire chain will be able to minimize their costs, it will lead to higher transport costs, since suppliers will carry products specifically in the warehouse at great distances back and forth on the alleged market. Add to this chain of the second warehouse, reduce transport costs more than increase the operating costs for its maintenance.
Since business conditions are constantly changing due to the absorption, the purchase and merger, increasing the intensity of the flow of global processes in the supply chain of companies is a permanent and continuous changes aimed at reducing costs. An important task of logistics is to create an integrated system of regulation and control of material and information flows. Modern technologies allow to easily reduce stocks, thanks to the timely receipt information. Information relating to the material flows can be divided in time into three types: anticipatory (pre-) delivered simultaneously with the material flow (eg, quantitative and qualitative its parameters), coming after the material flow (eg, different evidence, claims, etc.). Construction of an information system of logistics must be individual depending of type of tasks and organizational structure. Transportation Company, which monitors its costs and correctly determine their nature, will always have a permanent competitive advantage.