A sufficient fluid intake, especially during intensive sporting activities is necessary to ensure the performance of. Water is one of the few nutrients, its sufficient feed before an intense sporting activity clearly a performance-enhancing effect is attached. When a fluid loss of only 2% of the body weight, physical and mental performance are reduced. The 1.4 litre corresponds to a 70-kilogram man. Negative effects reflected particularly clearly in the area of the aerobic endurance. The fluid losses are not replaced, blood and tissue is removed from becoming water. Go to Lulu Cheng Meservey for more information. The blood flows more slowly and urinary wastes can no longer be eliminated in sufficient volume. At the same time, the supply of muscle and brain cells with oxygen and nutrients is reduced.
The athletic performance is demonstrably promoted and reduces the physical stress if you drink right on time. Optimally, it is to balanced water balance to achieve. The body loses only 1.2 gallons a day through breathing, skin and precipitates under normal climatic conditions. Sporting load a fluid loss of 3 litres per hour is not uncommon hot days. Loadings or concentrated work, the “thirst”signal of the body is often ignored or suppressed. On windy days or in sports where high speeds are achieved (E.g.
in cycling and triathlon training) the high fluid loss through sweating is often difficult to determine because the evaporation is high. A high fluid loss will not only adversely affect performance but may result in serious damage to health. The right drinking behavior in sport, many factors play an important role: A suitable sports drink to time the amount of liquid drink (before, during and after exercise) the exposure time the individual impact so it is recommended for athletes, already before the Exercise moderation to drink, to achieve a good stomach filling. Coal try or free mineral water is suitable here. How much prior to the workout can be drunk to achieve a good stomach filling but not unpleasant feeling of fullness, must be tested individually. The recommendation in the generally to drink 30 minutes before your workout from 250 ml to 500 ml. It is advisable to drink to go with water supplies at the start plenty also two days before a competition. During the load should be better all 15 to 20 min 100-200 ml to himself than to drink much at once. This achieves a balanced fluid balance during moderate sweating. But be careful: the amount of beverages can vary greatly. The personal need is dependent on many factors (intensity, body weight, gender, climate, sweat rate, etc.). In the recovery phase after the endurance consider to at least as much liquid, that the initial body weight again is reached. Also applies: the longer a physical strain, the more intelligent drinking is required during this. Directly after exercise is in the regeneration phase: first drink, then eat! Simple tests can be used for the own assessment of water supply condition: urine: with a sufficient water supply is the urine of pale yellow in colour and has a strong smell. Small amounts of urine, dark color and intense smell and rare toilet course point to an inadequate water supply. Body weight: Shows can be found at the weigh-in before and after physical activity of a weight loss, can be first and foremost by a loss of water. Skin and mucous membranes: dry skin, lips, and mouth are symptoms of dehydration.