The old maps had been elaborated by the old civilizations as the Babylonian. One gives credit that the map oldest represented the world is of Ga-Sur in the mesopotmia, then individuals as Hecateu had developed forms to represent the land, Claude Ptolomeu, elaborated maps on the basis of the mathematical methods, amongst others. It was observed that some peoples as the Arabs, Chinese, Indians had elaborated maps had benefited that them in its conquests. In the average age the religious belief that invaded the context of the maps, what it demonstrated to a meeting of the aspects terrestrial spirituals and. The politics was an element that also had influence in the maps, where also favored conquests and ampler vision of the world. The maps through the centuries had had its advance, of form that, the projections To generate Mercator, of Peters, Aitoff, Goolde, among others, had been models of maps that had favored the development of the current maps, way that, the development of the maps necessary to be folloied by a visualization that allows identification of what it is if considering to be analyzed, therefore, the elaboration of symbols is extremely important for the agreement of the receiver. is through the new technologies as the GPS, the SIG, entities as the IBGE (in Brazil) that they provide an ample vision of the space, facilitating the development of localization of the community. In Brazil the maps the maps had gained emphasis through the discovery (Portuguese) that with descriptive letters of the aspects climatic, the fauna, the flora and the aboriginal peoples, way that, this comment made possible and facilitated the exploration. In the education the maps possess an important paper for the formation of the individual. The professor can demonstrate through activities with maps as if locate in its quarter, city, state, continent, as well as to read and understand the maps making possible to the learning to observe and to locate the world to its redor.