The President

Upon such a declaration, which must be substantiated, the President may, with the signature of all ministers, issue decrees with the force of law, aimed only to avert the crisis and prevent the spread of its effects. These acts must relate to matters that have direct and specific connection with the State of Emergency, and may, temporarily, to establish new or modify existing taxes. In the latter cases, the measures will be in force at the end of the next fiscal year, unless Congress during the next year, gives them permanent. The Government, in the decree declaring a state of emergency, state the time within which will make use of extraordinary powers under this article, and convene the Congress, if not in session, for ten days following the expiration of the term. The Congress will examine up to a period of thirty days, extendable by agreement of the two chambers, the reasoned report produced by the Government on the causes that determined the state of emergency and the measures taken, and specifically address the appropriateness and timeliness of them. Congress, during the year following the declaration of emergency, repeal, modify or amend the decrees referred to this article, in matters which are usually government initiative.

In relation to those that are of initiative of its members, Congress may exercise those powers at all times. The Congress, if it is not called, the meet their own right, under conditions and for the purposes provided in this article. The President of the Republic and the ministers are responsible when they declare a state of emergency without having presented any of the circumstances provided for in the first paragraph, and any abuse will also be committed in the exercise of the powers that the Constitution gives to the Government during the emergency.