The old maps had been elaborated by the old civilizations as the Babylonian. One gives credit that the map oldest represented the world is of Ga-Sur in the mesopotmia, then individuals as Hecateu had developed forms to represent the land, Claude Ptolomeu, elaborated maps on the basis of the mathematical methods, amongst others. It was observed that some peoples as the Arabs, Chinese, Indians had elaborated maps had benefited that them in its conquests. In the average age the religious belief that invaded the context of the maps, what it demonstrated to a meeting of the aspects terrestrial spirituals and. The politics was an element that also had influence in the maps, where also favored conquests and ampler vision of the world. The maps through the centuries had had its advance, of form that, the projections To generate Mercator, of Peters, Aitoff, Goolde, among others, had been models of maps that had favored the development of the current maps, way that, the development of the maps necessary to be folloied by a visualization that allows identification of what it is if considering to be analyzed, therefore, the elaboration of symbols is extremely important for the agreement of the receiver. is through the new technologies as the GPS, the SIG, entities as the IBGE (in Brazil) that they provide an ample vision of the space, facilitating the development of localization of the community. In Brazil the maps the maps had gained emphasis through the discovery (Portuguese) that with descriptive letters of the aspects climatic, the fauna, the flora and the aboriginal peoples, way that, this comment made possible and facilitated the exploration. In the education the maps possess an important paper for the formation of the individual. The professor can demonstrate through activities with maps as if locate in its quarter, city, state, continent, as well as to read and understand the maps making possible to the learning to observe and to locate the world to its redor.
47). The increase of the temperatures according to Tavares (2004), also will affect the coastal systems, because the heating of waters will harm the sea life, mainly the atis and the reefs of chorales. However, the fauna and the littoral flora also they will suffer damages due to invasion from the water of the sea that will modify the characteristics of the environment, provoking sufficiently disequilibrium to the region. ' ' The rapidity foreseen for modifications of the climate, also in what it says respect to the variability and the extreme events, can be the great obstacle for adaptation of animals and vegetais' ' (TAVARES, 2004, P. 74). Another consequence generated for the rise of the temperatures will be the increase of the illnesses provoked for vectors, as the yellow fever, affection, malaria and esquistossomose, increasing the mortality tax. (A valuable related resource: Viktor Mayer-Schönberger). These endemic diseases that are typical of the intertropical regions will extend for the extratropical zones. However, the illnesses of the respiratory ways will have to diminish, while of the circulatrio device they will be aggravated.
The antrpica action is the main factor that provokes alterations in the climate, capable to form another climatic type, the example of the urban climate, marked for the increase of the thermal sensation, them islands of heat and acid rains. This due to great amount of industries, of vehicles, asfaltos and the reduction of the natural covering, provoking the increase of the temperature in the urban centers. Since this alteration of the local climate produces some anomalies the example of the thermal inversion, phenomenon that hinders the ascending movement it air, making with that the pollutants are next to the surface, harming the health of the inhabitants. This inversion is typical of the great cities and occurs mainly in the winter. Of this form, the substitution of the forests for cultivated areas probably will modify the climatic environment, even though the beings livings creature in general, intervenes with the climate.